|Japanese Suite of Armor
17th century, Crocker art museum
16th century, Crocker art museum
|Figures of Chinese Dancers,
618-907 Tang Dynasty, stone, Crocker art museum
|Koshimaki or Kimono|
19th century, Crocker art museum
|May 1, 1846
Dedicated by Orson Hyde
William Weeks (1813-1900)
About $1 million
May 27, 1850
Rebuilt June 27, 2002
|Mormons crafted the Nauvoo Temple as they were being violently expelled from their homes. The architectural devotion to God produced an unforgettable new American style. Powerful meanings and subtleties within the architecture are often overlooked today. Design decisions reveal messages about divinity.|
|Pearl of Great Price translated by Joseph Smith|
|Kirtland temple dedicated and abandoned 2 years later|
|Missouri executes Extermination Order of Mormons|
|Thousands of Mormons immigrate from England|
|Baptism for the dead first explained|
|Construction begins on temple in Nauvoo|
|Joseph Smith killed|
|Dedication of temple by Orson Hyde|
|Last of Mormons expelled from Nauvoo|
|Nauvoo temple destroyed by tornado|
|LDS church rebuilds Nauvoo temple|
"The temples of Egypt represented, in their design, this mound of creation. The floor level, rising as it did towards the inner sanctuary, signified that the sanctuary, on top of the mound itself, was the location in which the deity of the temple, who was conceived of as the local creator god, performed the act of creation. The columns of the hypostyle halls and colonnades represented the plants growing on the mound as the waters receded, and the wavy courses of brick in the enclosure walls may have been intended to symbolize the waters of chaos from which the mound had emerged.The appearance of Jesus in the Kirtland temple followed the East-West axis: "...a personage walked through the room from East to West, and Joseph asked if we saw him. I saw him and suppose the others did, and Joseph answered that is Jesus, the Son of God, our elder brother..."
"The architecture of the temples also reflects a strong connection with the life-force of the sun. Most temples were aligned so that their central axis lay at 90 degrees to the course of the Nile. Since the river runs approximately from south to north throughout most of Egypt, this meant that such temples had in theory, if not always practice, an east-west alignment and that the sun would pass along the axis of the temple each day... The sun rising or setting between the two towers of the pylon gateway formed the hieroglyph akhet 'horizon'." (Nigel & Helen Strudwick, 47)
"Thou makest rustlings [whisperings or noise] of the noble Ished-tree in Heliopolis (when) thou awakenest each day and seest the rays of the Sun. Amon comes to thee bearing the breath(s) of life, causing thee to begin breathing in thy coffin and come up to earth every day."These "rustlings" might have a similar meaning as the bell of the Nauvoo temple which rang at day break and which the Corinthian columns just happen to surround.
"And righteousness will I send down out of heaven; and truth will I send forth out of the earth, to bear testimony of mine Only Begotten; his resurrection from the dead; yea, and also the resurrection of all men; and righteousness and truth will I cause to sweep the earth as with a flood, to gather out mine elect from the four quarters of the earth, unto a place which I shall prepare, an Holy City, that my people may gird up their loins, and be looking forth for the time of my coming; for there shall be my tabernacle, and it shall be called Zion, a New Jerusalem." (Moses 7:62)
"And I saw a chariot like the wind and its wheel were fiery. I was carried off into the Paradise of righteousness, and I saw the Lord sitting and his appearance was unbearable."Christ is called the "Rider of the heavens," the "charioteer of the sea," who causes "the wind and fire to be my chariot." The eight windows on either side align with the eight faces of the bell tower and serve the same function of spreading holiness to the four quarters of the world.
"This was the appearance and structure of the wheels: They sparkled like topaz, and all four looked alike. Each appeared to be made like a wheel intersecting a wheel. As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the creatures faced; the wheels did not change direction as the creatures went....The vaulted ceilings of cathedrals typically represented the firmament of heaven. The golden angel that stands atop the tower today is the figure of the man with the likeness of the glory of God.
Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, and the wheels would rise along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.... Spread out above the heads of the living creatures was what looked something like a vault, sparkling like crystal... Above the vault over their heads was what looked like a throne of lapis lazuli, and high above on the throne was a figure like that of a man. I saw that from what appeared to be his waist up he looked like glowing metal..." (Ezekiel 1:16-26 NIV)
"We ask thee, Holy Father, that thy servants may go forth from this house armed with thy power, and that thy name may be upon them, and thy glory be round about them, and thine angels have charge over them. And from this place they may bear exceedingly great and glorious tidings, in truth utno the ends of the earth..." (Kirtland temple dedication, D&C 109:22-23)
"The identification of "god" with stars, and with looking "up", seems to have originated in the early Mesopotamian civilisations around six thousand years ago, and one of the most powerful re-enforcers of this idea of "Up", in psychological terms, was the appearance of the pentagram or five-pointed star ideogram... a "concept" of heaven-- and a heaven that is suddenly displaced from the reality of earth and of a divinity "within"-- and relocated millions of miles above anybody's head where no one can get to it.... The pyramidal forms... were powerful temples to the "God" enthroned upon these new rationalised and socially stratified worlds."The stars represent the vault that the cherubim hold up, the actual firmament of heaven. It is a powerful device for establishing a separate space, a sacred holiness for God to dwell. The very last piece to go on the Nauvoo temple was the a plaque that read: "Holiness to the Lord." The Nauvoo temple was very literally an offering of holy space to the Lord, physically as well as conceptually.
"When, in the course of her orbit, she has passed below the disc of the sun, she is attracted by his rays and great heat, and turns thither her luminous side, on account of the sympathy between light and light."Though Berosus was mistaken in thinking the moon twisted to face the sun, it is a remarkable insight that light of celestial bodies are attracted to other celestial bodies.
"For intelligence cleaveth unto intelligence; wisdom receiveth wisdom; truth embraceth truth; virtue loveth virtue; light cleaveth unto light; mercy hath compassion on mercy and claimeth her own; justice continueth its course and claimeth its own; judgement goether before the face of him who sitteth upon the throne and governeth and executeth all things." (D&C 88:40)The exchange of light between the sun and moon occurs before throne of God. The sun and moon "give light to each other in their times and in their seasons", and all originates from God:
"Which light proceedeth forth from the presence of God to fill the immensity of space-- The light which is in all things, which giveth life to all things, which is the law by which all things are governed, even the power of God who sitteth upon his throne..." (D&C 88,12-13)Movement of the winged cherubim are represented by the wheel and pentagram windows, implied by repetition of the columns, eight columns on each side representing the eight winds of the earth. The columns with sun, moon, and star stones likewise represent movement.
"The earth rolls upon her wings, and the sun giveth his light by day, and the moon giveth her light by night, and the stars also give their light, as they roll upon their wings in their glory, in the midst of the power of God." (D&C 45)The Sumerians also illustrated the sun as a person with wings (see right).
|Path to throne of God|
|Six-pointed||Above roof triglyphs|
|Light proceeding forth|
|Five-pointed||Downward||On triglyphs||Morning star|
|Twelve-pointed||Inside||Tribes of Israel|
"And I saw other lightening and the stars of heaven, and I saw how He called them all by their names and they hearkened unto Him. And I saw how they are weighed in a righteous balance according to their proportions of light: the width of their spaces and the day of their appearing, and how their revolutions produces lightning: and their revolution according to the number of angels...
...these are the names of the holy who dwell on earth and believe in the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever"
"And my Father sent me that I might be lifted up upon the cross; and after that I had been lifted up upon the cross, that I might draw all men unto me, that as I have been lifted up by men even so should men be lifted up by the Father to stand before me, to be judged of their works, whether they be good or whether they be evil." (3 Nephi 27:14)Twelve Pointed